Bicycle Types – The Three Major Categories

Bicycle Types – The Three Major Categories

Depending on the riding you prefer there is a bicycle specially designed for that style. It can be said that there is not one bike that can do it all. Try taking a road bike down a mountain trail, and you will not like the results. Moreover, although a downhill bike can undoubtedly follow the path of a road bike, it will not do so very effectively.

There are three major categories of bicycles, road, mountain, and hybrid. Each of these categories will have subcategories further defining a specialized role. Moreover, even then these subcategories can be broken down into different types as well. An excellent example of this would be a mountain bike in the all mountain subcategory falling into one of two different types, full suspension or hardtail.

Road bikes are the most natural type of bicycle to explain. They are meant primarily for riding on hard paved surfaces. The frames are very lightweight and stiff. A stiff frame equates to a very responsive ride without the soft feel that you would feel in other types of structures. There will not be any suspension on a road bike. The tire will be very narrow and pumped to a high pressure of over 100psi.

The dropped handlebars put the rider into a riding position that is extremely effective in transferring the rider’s energy through the drive train to the road. All of the characteristics of the road bike are, for this reason, to move heat effectively. For example, a suspension system would dampen some of that energy reducing the effectiveness.

Mountain bikes are much more complicated to describe due to the many different types. Mountain bikes, often referred to as MTB’s will have several categories and subcategories. In general however MTB’s share many standard features.

MTB’s will have large diameter frames for durability. Most frames today are made of aluminum for lightweight. Carbon frames are available on more expensive bikes. The tires will be full, in some instances over 2 inches, with a low air pressure of about 40psi.

The geometry of an MTB varies given the style of riding it was designed for, but like the road bike, the geometry will be created for efficiency in mind given the bikes purpose. A downhill racer will be much different from a cross country model. Almost every type of MTB will have some form of suspension which will vary again due to the particular style of riding the bike is meant for.

The hybrid category is best described as a cross between a road bike and an MTB. Designed for a general purpose all around riding it can perform well in both on the road and off-road conditions. However, there has to be some compensation. Therefore, the hybrid will not equal the performance levels of a road bike or an MTB.

Similar in geometry to an MTB the hybrid puts the rider in an upright position. It will have thinner tires than an MTB, more similar to those of a road bike for better performance on paved surfaces. However, for off-road use, the tires will be more extensive than those of a road bike. These features are what give the hybrid a wide range of riding situations but with some performance limitations. For an aspiring cyclist, a combination can be a wise choice for general all-purpose riding.

It is not uncommon for an avid cyclist to own more than one bike, different bikes for different rides. In some European countries, it is normal for people to have four or five bicycles.  In the U.S. two to three bikes are common among serious riders. whatever type of bicycle you have, it must be treated well. important parts that are always checked starting from tire thickness, brake safety, and chain age. You can use the top rated Bike Chain Cleaner so that your chain is safe when used. Given the fact that no one bike can do it all, then perhaps if you can afford to do so owning more than one bike is a wise decision.

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